passwd, netkey – change or verify user password|
passwd [ username[@domain] ] |
Passwd changes the invoker's Plan 9 password and/or APOP secret.
The Plan 9 password is used to login to a terminal while the APOP
secret is used for a number of external services: POP3, IMAP,
and VPN access. The optional argument specifies the user name
and authentication domain to use if different than the one
associated with the machine passwd is run on. |
The program first prompts for the old Plan 9 password in the specified domain to establish identity. It then prompts for changes to the password and the secret. New passwords and secrets must be typed twice, to forestall mistakes. New passwords must be sufficiently hard to guess. They may be of any length greater than seven characters.
Netkey prompts for a password to encrypt network challenges. It is a substitute for a SecureNet box.
These commands should perhaps be run only on a terminal, to avoid
transmitting clear text passwords over the network, but see BUGS.
readnvram in authsrv(2), encrypt(2), cons(3), auth(8), securenet(8)
Robert Morris and Ken Thompson, ``UNIX Password Security,'' AT&T
Bell Laboratories Technical Journal Vol 63 (1984), pp. 1649–1672
Now that cpu connections are always encrypted, the only good reason
to require that these commands be run only on terminals is concern
that the CPU server might be subverted.|